What is anatomy?
Ans: – Anatomy is a science which describes the structure of the body and its relation to different parts of each other. Knowledge of these structures is necessary to understand their function.
Topics about anatomy include:
- Cytology – Cells are studied in it.
- Histology – Tissues are studied in this.
- Osteology – Bones are studied in it.
- Myology – Muscles are studied in this.
- Arthrology – In this, joints are studied.
- Splenology – In this, organs are studied.
- Neurology – It studies the nervous system.
The descriptive term used in anatomy is: – It can organize different parts of the body: –
(1) Symmetric example, organs, eyes, ears and lungs. Their arrangement on the right and the left is the same.
(2) Asymmetric e. Spleen and liver. The spleen is completely to the left. The lever is mostly on the right side
Descriptive words used in anatomy: – Different parts of the body can be arranged: –
(1) Symmetric example organs, eyes, ears and lungs. Their arrangement on the right and the left is the same.
(2) Asymmetric e. Spleen and liver. The spleen is located completely to the left. The lever is mostly on the right side
The human body is studied for n physical condition. In this position, the body is standing, facing forward, arms and palms facing up.
Some of the important words used to describe the human body are: –
- Median line (Middle Sagittarius plane): The central plane which divides the body into two parts i.e. right and left.
- Medial: It is near the midline.
- Lateral: It is away from the midline.
- Superior: It is near the head.
- Lower: It is near the foot.
- Anterior: It is close to the front surface of the body.
- Back: It is near the posterior surface of the body.
- Proximal: It is close to the origin of the structure.
- Distal: It is far from the origin of the structure.
- Superficial: It is close to the surface of the skin.
- Deep: It is darker than the skin.